How do you end a sentence with etc?
Answer: Generally, in American English, if “etc.” is used in the middle of a sentence, it is followed by a comma. However, if the word “etc.” appears at the end of a sentence then the period (which is part of “etc.”) serves as the final punctuation mark.
How do you use etc in APA?
Always put a comma after. etc. “and so on” or “and so forth” (abbreviation for et cetera) Students ranked their school subjects (chemistry, math, etc.) in order of preference, first, second, third, and so on, until they had ranked the entire list.
When you end a sentence with an abbreviation?
No. A sentence should never have two periods at the end. If a sentence ends with an abbreviation followed by a period, do not add an additional period: She explained the rules for periods, commas, semicolons, etc.
How do you cite a government website MLA?
How to cite a government website in MLA
- Author(s) name: Give the name of the editor, author, or compiler if available.
- Title of the website: Titles are italicized when independent.
- Publisher: Give the name of the publisher if available.
- Year of publication: Give the year of publication if available.
How do you read et al?
“et al.” is an abbreviation. When read aloud, you pronounce the full term “et alii” (or “et alia”) – same as you would say “et cetera” when reading aloud the “etc.” abbreviation. Alternatively, you could say “and others” – same as you would say “for example” when reading aloud the “e.g.” abbreviation.
How do you cite a website with no author MLA Purdue owl?
When a source has no known author, use a shortened title of the work instead of an author name. Place the title in quotation marks if it’s a short work (such as an article) or italicize it if it’s a longer work (e.g. plays, books, television shows, entire Web sites) and provide a page number if it is available.
How do you cite public domain in MLA?
- Author’s Last Name, First Name. Title of Book.
- date. Source of eBook.
- Welch, Kathleen E.
- New Literacy.
- Source: St.
- Some ebooks found in the public domain do not contain publication information.
- Use the abbreviation n.p. to indicate that neither a publisher nor a sponsor name has been provided.
How do you cite a website with no author and no date in APA 7th edition?
If there is no date provided, put the letters (n.d.) in round brackets where you’d normally put the date. Titles of websites should be in plain text but use italics for webpages, articles, etc. Most website citations in APA 7th Edition do not require a retrieval date.
How do you format et al?
Punctuation. The “al” in “et al.” is always followed by a period. This is because the term is an abbreviation of the Latin phrase “et alia”—the period indicates that it is an abbreviation: et al.
Is there a comma after et al?
The phrase “et al.”—from the Latin et alii, which literally means “and others”—must always be typed with a space between the two words and with a period after the “l” (since the “al.” is an abbreviation). A comma does not follow the abbreviation unless the sentence’s grammar requires it.
What does ETC mean?
What does ETC mean in school?
|ETC||Estimated Time of Completion|
|ETC||Entertainment Technology Center|
|ETC||Everything to Connect|
Can I use etc in an essay?
It is perfectly ok to use etc. in an academic paper. Just note, however, that both of them are very sparingly and carefully used in serious writing. Try to list fully or describe the list instead.
How do you cite a website with no date in APA 7?
No date. If there is no date use ‘n.d.’ (for ‘no date’) in both the in text citation and the reference list.
Where is etc used?
“Etc.” is used to indicate that only some of the items from a list have been used. Generally, in American English, if “etc.” is used in the middle of a sentence, it is followed by a comma. (Tennis, soccer, baseball, etc., are outdoor games.)