Is first declension feminine?
The first declension is a category of declension that consists of mostly feminine nouns in Ancient Greek and Latin with the defining feature of a long ā (analysed as either a part of the stem or a case-ending).
Is first declension masculine or feminine?
Nouns of the 1st declension are feminine, with the exception of nouns which are masculine from their signification (nauta, sailor).
What is a first declension noun in Greek?
< Ancient Greek | Basic Nouns. The first declension consists primarily of feminine nouns, with a few masculines. It is characterized by the recurrence of the letter alpha, and for this reason it is often referred to as the alpha declension, although the alpha was often changed to eta in the Attic dialect.
What is a feminine noun in Greek?
In Greek grammar, we use the word γένος, therefore there are three genders, which are: αρσενικό (arsenikó) meaning “masculine,” θηλυκό (thilikó) meaning “feminine,” and ουδέτερο (udétero) meaning “neuter.” These genders characterize nouns, adjectives, articles, and some pronouns and participles.
How do you decline in Greek?
To decline a second-declension noun, we take the ending in the table and add it to the stem (which always ends in -ο). If a vowel is underlined, then we replace the ο in the stem with that vowel.
What are declensions in Greek?
Almost all Greek nouns belong to one of three INFLECTION patterns, called the FIRST DECLENSION, SECOND DECLENSION, and THIRD DECLENSION. Each represents a particular set of CASE ENDINGS for gender, number, and case. So far, we have encountered only THIRD DECLENSION nouns.
Is Greek gendered?
Greek. Modern Greek language maintains three genders: masculine, feminine, and neuter. First and second person pronouns are genderless, while third person ones in both singular and plural use different endings to distinguish among the three genders.
What does the first declension mean in Greek?
Almost all Greek nouns belong to one of three INFLECTION patterns, called the FIRST DECLENSION, SECOND DECLENSION, and THIRD DECLENSION. Each represents a particular set of CASE ENDINGS for gender, number, and case. So far, we have encountered only THIRD DECLENSION nouns. This lesson introduces FIRST DECLENSION nouns. 1.
Are there feminine nouns in the first declension?
While most second declension nouns are masculine, most first declension nouns are feminine, though a few are masculine. Because there is a great deal of similarity between the forms for masculine and feminine nouns of the first declension, it is extremely important that you learn the appropriate article with each first declension noun.
What are the genders of adjectives in Greek?
Greek adjectives have context-sensitive gender —gender that changes to match the grammatical context in which the adjective is used. You have already learned the masculine and neuter forms for many Greek adjectives. In this lesson you will learn the feminine forms for those same adjectives.
What are the endings of two nouns in Greek?
Memorize the basic endings (in red above). The two nouns φωνή and ἡμέρα have different thematic vowels (since the stem of ἡμέρα ends with ρ, while the stem of φωνή does not end with ε, ι, or ρ). Compare their forms in the chart below, and notice that while the thematic vowel is different, the case endings are the same.