How do you introduce a research paper example?
Writing an Introduction to a Research Paper What to IncludeIntroduce your topic.Create some context and background.Tell your reader about the research you plan to carry out.State your rationale.Explain why your research is important.State your hypothesis.
How do you cite multiple authors in a research paper?
Multiple Authors2 Authors: Always cite both authors’ names in-text everytime you reference them. Example: Johnson and Smith (2009) found…6 or More Authors: If a document has six or more authors, simply provide the last name of the first author with “et al.” from the first citation to the last. Example: Thomas et al.
How do you write the author name in research paper?
Works by three to 20 authors should list the last names and first initials of each author separated by an ampersand. Author names should be followed by the date of publication enclosed in parentheses. If the work is a journal article, include the title of the article immediately following the publication date.
How do you list co authors?
As mentioned above, the most common way authors are listed is by relative contribution. The author who most substantially worked on the draft article and the underlying research becomes the first author. The others are ranked in descending order of contribution.
Who should be first author on a paper?
The guidelines here are not as well defined as for authorship in general, Riesenberg and Lundberg have made certain very important and simple suggestions to decide the sequence of authorship: The first author should be that person who contributed most to the work, including writing of the manuscript.
How many authors can be on a paper?
Answer: There is no limitation to the number of co-authors on a paper. However, it is important to ensure that all of them have contributed in significant ways and can actually qualify to be a co-author.
How many first authors can a paper have?
Sometimes papers have multiple first authors, in the sense that it is stated explicitly in the paper that “These authors have contributed equally to the work”. But in citations and reference lists this information is often not preserved, and so the paper will, for many purposes, only have one first author.
Can you have 2 first authors?
Shared co-first authorship is defined as two or more authors who have worked together on a publication and contributed equally . For instance, Gastroenterology acknowledges up to two co-first authors by bolding their names in the reference section but not in the body of the manuscript .
Can there be 2 corresponding authors?
While some journals allow the practice of including two contact authors or corresponding authors, many journals do not. In your case, having two corresponding authors is a requirement for your paper. If the journal does not allow, you will have to either go ahead with one corresponding author or withdraw your paper.
Do second author papers count?
Not to mention your first authorship paper is not very good by your own evaluation. In the end, each paper counts. It’s always good to have another paper, even if you are second author. A hiring or review committee may ask you to describe your own contribution to the paper.
How do you cite co First authors?
Traditionally, co-first authors are indicated by an asterisk and the order of the individuals is the decision of the PI. Once the paper is published, it appears in print as follows: co-Author 1*, co-Author 2*, Author 3, and Author 4.
What is a first author publication?
In academic publishing, the lead author, or first author, is the first named author of a publication such as a research article or audit. Academic authorship standards vary widely across disciplines. The list of trailing co-authors reflects, typically, diminishing contributions to the work reported in the manuscript.
How do you indicate equal authorship?
If authors regard it as essential to indicate that two or more coauthors are equal in status, they may be identified by a symbol with the caption ‘these authors contributed equally to the work’ immediately under the address list.
What is the difference between first author and second author?
1st Author: Person who did most of the work, like write the manuscript, and do most if not all of the experiment. 2nd Author: Person who helped out the most, and/or person who mentored the 1st author (e.g.: if 1st author was grad student) the most.
Who is more important first author or corresponding author?
This is a common doubt, especially at the beginning of a researcher’s career, but easy to explain: fundamentally, a corresponding author takes the lead in the manuscript submission for publication process, whereas the first author is actually the one who did the research and wrote the manuscript.
How do you mention a corresponding author in a paper?
The first author should be the person who made a major contribution to the work, followed by the second and third. The corresponding author should be marked with an asterisk after the name, and be written corresponding author’s e-mail below the first page of manuscript.
Is being second author on a paper good?
As you say, being first author is like the holy grail, but being second author on “someone else’s paper” is not bad at all, and while it does not scream “amazing” on a CV, it does bulk up your publication record and shows that you are competent researcher, and contribute to work of publishable standard.
What is a contributor to a book?
Contributors are anyone who had a role in the creation of the book. In Pressbooks, contributor roles are assigned on the Book Info page and include the following: Author, Editor, Translator, Reviewer, Illustrator, and Contributor. Different contributor roles include Author, Editor, Translator, and more.
How do you order an author on a paper?
Authorship order In many disciplines, the author order indicates the magnitude of contribution, with the first author adding the most value and the last author representing the most senior, predominantly supervisory role. In this model, disputes may arise regarding who merits sole or shared first authorship.
What is corresponding author in a paper?
A corresponding author is the individual who, when working on a paper with multiple authors, takes primary responsibility for communicating with the journal you intend to publish in.