What Nietzsche really meant the Apollonian and Dionysian?
Nietzsche used these two forces because, for him, the world of mind and order on one side, and passion and chaos on the other, formed principles that were fundamental to the Greek culture: the Apollonian a dreaming state, full of illusions; and Dionysian a state of intoxication, representing the liberations of instinct …
What did Nietzsche mean by Dionysian?
Dionysus is the Greek god of wine and music, and Nietzsche identifies the Dionysian as a frenzy of self-forgetting in which the self gives way to a primal unity where individuals are at one with others and with nature. Both the Apollonian and the Dionysian are necessary in the creation of art.
What does Nietzsche mean by Apollonian?
Apollonian, of, relating to, or resembling the god Apollo. Friedrich Nietzsche used the term in his book The Birth of Tragedy to describe one of the two opposing tendencies or elements in Greek tragedy. According to Nietzsche, the Apollonian attributes are reason, culture, harmony, and restraint.
What does Dionysian represent?
Dionysus (/daɪ.əˈnaɪsəs/; Greek: Διόνυσος) is the god of the grape-harvest, winemaking and wine, of fertility, orchards and fruit, vegetation, insanity, ritual madness, religious ecstasy, festivity and theatre in ancient Greek religion and myth.
Was Nietzsche a Dionysian?
For the entirety of his writing career Nietzsche was heavily influenced by the ancient Greek god Dionysus – the “god of many forms” and inexpressible depths.
What is tragedy according to Nietzsche?
Nietzsche argues that the tragedy of Ancient Greece was the highest form of art due to its mixture of both Apollonian and Dionysian elements into one seamless whole, allowing the spectator to experience the full spectrum of the human condition. The combination of these elements in one art form gave birth to tragedy.
Is Dionysus good or bad?
His egocentric view dominates his rational mind and makes him behave in a decidedly evil way, but in the end even Dionysus can be excused. He is a young god, only having just arrived in Thebes, and he wants to spread the words of his power from this, the first city in Greece to have received his rites.
What is Greek cheerfulness?
Greek Cheerfulness The unflaggingly chipper optimism of the Greeks. Originally, this cheerfulness was not the superficial result of a shallow mind, but rather the Apollonian reaction in the face of Dionysian suffering. The cheerfulness is a mask, a protective measure agains t the dark and powerful forces of Dionysus.
What is a Dionysian response?
The Dionysian response indicates “that side of the human personality dominated by feelings, intuition, and freedom from limits: the side that responds emotionally to music as well as to the “force and fury of tragedy.” Apollonian responses seek objective analysis.
How are Apollonian and Dionysian concepts related to tragedy?
Apollonian and Dionysian The Apollonian and Dionysian is a philosophical concept, or dichotomy, based on certain features of ancient Greek mythology: Apollo and Dionysus. While the concept is famously related to The Birth of Tragedy, poet Hölderlin spoke of them before, and Winckelmann talked of Bacchus.
What did Nietzsche mean by the terms Apollonian and Dionysian?
Apollonian and Dionysian are terms used by Nietzsche in The Birth of Tragedy to designate the two central principles in Greek culture. The Apollonian, which corresponds to Schopenhauer’s principium individuationis (“principle of individuation”), is the basis of all analytic distinctions.
Who are the Apollonian and Dionysian dichotomies based on?
The Apollonian and Dionysian is a philosophical and literary concept, or also a dichotomy, loosely based on Apollo and Dionysus in Greek mythology. Some Western philosophical and literary figures have invoked this dichotomy in critical and creative works, most notably Friedrich Nietzsche and later followers.
What was the quarrel between Apollo and Dionysus?
Somewhat like Freud, Camille Paglia (1990) took Nietzsche’s ideas of the AP and DI to be biological, claiming that ‘the quarrel between Apollo and Dionysus is the quarrel between the higher cortex and the older limbic and reptilian brains’ (p.133).