What is ijtihad and taqlid?
tihaːd]; lit. physical or mental effort, expended in a particular activity) is an Islamic legal term referring to independent reasoning or the thorough exertion of a jurist’s mental faculty in finding a solution to a legal question. It is contrasted with taqlid (imitation, conformity to legal precedent).
What does taqlid meaning?
Islam. : uncritical and unqualified acceptance of a traditional orthodoxy or of an authoritarian code of a particular religious teacher.
What are the qualities of a mujtahid?
Give qualities Of a Mujtahid. (8 marks)
- Must be conversant with the knowledge of the Quran in all its aspects.
- Must have a mastery of Arabic.
- Have a mastery of the Sunnah of the Prophet (SAW) with its isnaad and matn.
- Have complete knowledge of the development of Islamic Shariah.
- Must be conversant with Islamic Sharia.
What is qisas in Islam?
Qisas – meaning retaliation, and following the biblical principle of “an eye for an eye.” Qisas (Arabic) is an Islamic term meaning retaliation, similar to the biblical principle of an eye for an eye. In the case of murder, it means the right of the heirs of a murder victim to demand execution of the murderer.
What is Talfiq in Islam?
Definition: Talfiq means ‘amalgamation’ and ‘piecing together’ of something. It connotes different meanings such as sewing together different fabrics together or beautification of a hadďth by diluting it with something false.
What is the meaning of Faqih?
: a Muslim theologian versed in the religious law of Islam.
What is ijma and Qiyas?
The revealed sources are the Koran and the Sunnah forming the nass (nucleus/core) of the Sharia whereas qiyas and ijma are the non- revealed sources and are employed to derive law from the nass (plural, nusus) through the use of human reason and endeavour called ijtihad.
What does it mean to follow a taqlid in Islam?
Taqlid literally means “to follow (someone)”, “to imitate”. In Islamic legal terminology it means to follow a mujtahid in religious laws and commandment as he has derived them. A mujtahid is a person who is an expert of Islamic jurisprudence ( fiqh ); he is also called a faqih.
What do you call someone who does taqlid to a mujtahid?
Issue 1: A Mujtahid to whom others do Taqlid to is referred to as a “ Marja’ Taqlid ”, and the person who does Taqlid is called a “ Muqallid ”. Issue 2: Someone who is not a Mujtahid, and is not able to derive the rules and commandments of Allah from their sources, and who cannot act according to Ihtiyat, must do Taqlid to a Mujtahid.
How is Taqlid an example of the divine law?
The practice of taqlid is an example of the same kind: the person who is not an expert in jurisprudence is legally required to follow the instructions of the expert, i.e., the mujtahid. And in this case the requirement is an obligation which must be observed, for it is an essential part of the divine law.
Why did taqlid gain acceptance in the Shi’i world?
In order to see where and why the practice of taqlid gained acceptance in the Shi’i world, it is necessary first to explain it in some detail. Man’s nature dictates that he can only function properly within a society, and a society depends for its existence on laws and regulations.