What are the causes of ozone depletion Class 10?
Chlorofluorocarbons or CFCs are the main cause of ozone layer depletion. These are released by solvents, spray aerosols, refrigerators, air-conditioners, etc. The molecules of chlorofluorocarbons in the stratosphere are broken down by the ultraviolet radiations and release chlorine atoms.
What does ozone smell like?
Ozone (scientifically known as trioxygen due to the fact that it is comprised of three oxygen atoms) is notably pungent and has a very sharp smell that is often described as similar to that of chlorine.
What are the reasons of ozone depletion?
Ozone depletion occurs when chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and halons—gases formerly found in aerosol spray cans and refrigerants—are released into the atmosphere (see details below).
Is ozone good or bad?
Stratospheric ozone is “good” because it protects living things from ultraviolet radiation from the sun. Ground-level ozone, the topic of this website, is “bad” because it can trigger a variety of health problems, particularly for children, the elderly, and people of all ages who have lung diseases such as asthma.
What are the after effects of ozone depletion Class 10?
Once the ozone layer is depleted, ultraviolet rays will pass through the troposphere and eventually to earth. These rays cause ageing of the skin, skin cancer, cataract and sunburn to humans as well as animals. Phytoplankton dies in the presence of ultraviolet rays which results in a decrease in fish productivity.
What are the causes and effects of ozone depletion?
Ozone depletion is primarily caused by human activities. The main effect of ozone depletion is an increase in UV-B rays reaching the earth’s surface. Causes : chlorofluorocarbon (CFCs), halons, and other compounds deplete the ozone layer.
How is ozone important for us?
Why is Ozone Layer important? Ozone protects the Earth from harmful ultraviolet (UV) rays from the Sun. Without the Ozone layer in the atmosphere, life on Earth would be very difficult. Plants cannot live and grow in heavy ultraviolet radiation, nor can the planktons that serve as food for most of the ocean life.
What are the effects of depletion of ozone layer?
Ozone layer depletion causes increased UV radiation levels at the Earth’s surface, which is damaging to human health. Negative effects include increases in certain types of skin cancers, eye cataracts and immune deficiency disorders.
Can we make ozone?
Actually, it’s really easy to make ozone. Ozone is produced naturally when sunlight shines on air. It is produced by a chemical reaction in which several molecules of oxygen react with each other. So during the winter there is ozone being destroyed but not being made, making a temporary “hole” in the ozone layer.
What is the role of ozone in the atmosphere?
Most ozone resides in the stratosphere (a layer of the atmosphere between 10 and 40 km above us), where it acts as a shield to protect Earth’s surface from the sun’s harmful ultraviolet radiation. With a weakening of this shield, we would be more susceptible to skin cancer, cataracts and impaired immune systems.
How is ozone useful to us?
Ozone is a gas in the atmosphere that protects everything living on the Earth from harmful ultraviolet (UV) rays from the Sun. Without the layer of ozone in the atmosphere, it would be very difficult for anything to survive on the surface.
How long does ozone last?
30 minutes to 4 hours
How is ozone harmful to us?
How is Ozone Harmful? When inhaled, ozone can damage the lungs. Relatively low amounts can cause chest pain, coughing, shortness of breath and throat irritation. Ozone may also worsen chronic respiratory diseases such as asthma and compromise the ability of the body to fight respiratory infections.
What are the two types of ozone?
Ozone or “O3” is a colorless gas composed of three atoms of oxygen (O3). There are two types of ozone, both “good” ozone and “bad” ozone.
How does ozone depletion occur?
Ozone Depletion. When chlorine and bromine atoms come into contact with ozone in the stratosphere, they destroy ozone molecules. One chlorine atom can destroy over 100,000 ozone molecules before it is removed from the stratosphere. Ozone can be destroyed more quickly than it is naturally created.
What is ozone class 10th?
Ozone is a molecule formed by three atoms of oxygen. Oxygen is essential for all life processes whereas ozone is a deadly poison. At the higher levels of the atmosphere, it shields the surface of the earth from ultraviolet radiation of the sun which is highly dangerous to organisms as it can cause skin cancer.
What level of ozone is harmful?
These ozone molecules form the ozone layer and are commonly referred to as “good ozone.” At concentrations as high as 12,000 ppb (the EPA considers anything over 70 ppb to be unhealthy for human health and welfare) this ozone protects and shields people, trees, crops, property, and microorganisms from the harmful …
How is ozone formed?
Stratospheric ozone is formed naturally through the interaction of solar ultraviolet (UV) radiation with molecular oxygen (O2). The “ozone layer,” approximately 6 through 30 miles above the Earth’s surface, reduces the amount of harmful UV radiation reaching the Earth’s surface.
How can we reduce ozone depletion?
How can we protect the ozone layer?
- Avoid the consumption of gases dangerous to the ozone layer, due to their content or manufacturing process.
- Minimize the use of cars.
- Do not use cleaning products that are harmful to the environment and to us.
- Buy local products.
What is ozone layer?
The ozone layer is a thin part of the Earth’s atmosphere that absorbs almost all of the sun’s harmful ultraviolet light. “Ozone holes” are popular names for areas of damage to the ozone layer.
How is ozone important for us Class 7?
The importance of ozone is defined by the fact that it protects the earth from harmful ultraviolet rays from the sun. The ozone layer is found in the upper regions of the stratosphere where it protects the earth from the harmful ultraviolet rays of the sun. These radiations can cause skin cancer in humans.
What is the normal level of ozone?
What level of ozone is dangerous?
Which chemicals are responsible for depletion of ozone layer?
ODSA compound that contributes to stratospheric ozone depletion. ODS include chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs), halons, methyl bromide, carbon tetrachloride, hydrobromofluorocarbons, chlorobromomethane, and methyl chloroform.
How are ozone levels decreased by human activities?
Human activities cause the emission of halogen source gases that contain chlorine and bromine atoms. These emissions into the atmosphere ultimately lead to stratospheric ozone depletion.
How is ozone produced by humans?
Ozone is created when the kind of oxygen we breathe—O2—is split apart by sunlight into single oxygen atoms. Single oxygen atoms can re-join to make O2, or they can join with O2 molecules to make ozone (O3). Ozone is destroyed when it reacts with molecules containing nitrogen, hydrogen, chlorine, or bromine.