What is hyperflexion of the spine?
Abstract. Cervical whiplash syndrome, or hyperextension-hyperflexion injury, is a common traumatic injury to the soft tissue structures around the cervical spine.
What is a hyperflexion injury?
Whiplash is defined as a sudden injury to the neck whereby the neck is forced into rapid hyperflexion (bending forwards) and hyperextension (bending backwards). This rapid motion to the cervical spine results in soft tissue sprain/strain complications.
What is a hyperextension-hyperflexion injury?
hyperextension-hyperflexion injury in British English (ˌhaɪpərɪkˈstɛnʃənˌhaɪpəˈflɛkʃən ˈɪndʒərɪ) noun. medicine. any injury to the neck resulting from a sudden thrusting forwards and snapping back of the unsupported head; whiplash injury.
How do you treat neck hyperflexion?
Treatment might include:
- application of heat or cold.
- over-the-counter (OTC) pain medications such as acetaminophen (Tylenol) and ibuprofen (Advil)
- prescription medications for severe pain.
- muscle relaxants.
- numbing injections such as lidocaine (Xylocaine)
- a soft cervical collar.
What happens during hyperflexion?
This type of injury occurs when the knee is forcefully bent backward, beyond fully straight. In other words, it’s forced in the opposite direction of how it normally bends. When this happens, it may damage the ligaments that provide stability to the knee. A hyperextension injury of the knee can cause pain and swelling.
Which of the following is the most common mechanism for spinal trauma?
The most common causes of spinal cord injuries in the United States are: Motor vehicle accidents. Auto and motorcycle accidents are the leading cause of spinal cord injuries, accounting for almost half of new spinal cord injuries each year. Falls.
What is an example of a hyperflexion injury?
An example of a hyperflexion related injury is cervical whiplash syndrome. This injury results in a combination of violent hyperflexion and hyperextension. Muscle strains may also be caused by hyperflexion injuries and can range in severity from mild to debilitating.
What is the difference between hyperextension and hyperflexion?
Hyperextension is the abnormal or excessive extension of a joint beyond its normal range of motion, thus resulting in injury. Similarly, hyperflexion is excessive flexion at a joint. Hyperextension injuries are common at hinge joints such as the knee or elbow.
When is neck injury serious?
When a Pain in the Neck Is More Than Just a Pain Some signs of a serious neck injury: Pain that doesn’t go away or is severe. Shooting pain in your arms or legs. Numbness, weakness, or tingling in your arms or legs.
What is the mechanism of spine injury?
Methods: The essential mechanisms of spinal injuries are considered: (1) axial deformation with (a) compression (centric or eccentric), most often eccentric, including compression in flexion or extension; (b) spinal elongation with distraction as centric elongation, but frequently axial eccentric elongation and a …