How many people died in the Algerian genocide?
Between 500,000 and 1,000,000, from approximately 3 million Algerians, were killed in the first three decades of the conquest.
What caused the Setif massacre?
The French colonial authorities and European settlers retaliated by killing between 6,000 and 30,000 Muslims in the region….
|Sétif and Guelma massacre|
|Perpetrators||French authorities and vigilantes|
|Motive||Repression of demonstrations that demand Algerian independence; killing of 102 French settlers by rioters.|
Why was the Algerian war so violent?
The violence first skyrocketed when the French responded to an FLN-led general strike and bombings by combing the city for pro-independence fighters. The military relied primarily on neighborhood raids, arrests, and torture, focusing its sweeps in the Casbah slum, an opposition stronghold.
How many French soldiers died in Algeria?
Some estimates put French military losses at 27,000 killed and civilian losses at 5,000 to 6,000. French sources suggest that casualties among Algerians totaled between 300,000 and 500,000, while Algerian sources claim as many as 1,500,000.
Why did France lose the Algerian war?
Ultimately France left Algeria for strategic and political reasons, not economic ones. [xliii] The French government sunk to the same levels as the FLN in terms of inhumanity and barbarity, losing the public relations battle for itself.
When was the FLN formed?
1 November 1954, Cairo, Egypt
National Liberation Front/Founded
Why did the French want Algeria?
The conquest of Algeria began in the last days of the Bourbon Restoration by Charles X of France. It aimed to put a definite end to Barbary privateering and increase the king’s popularity among the French people, particularly in Paris, where many veterans of the Napoleonic Wars lived.
Did France win the Algerian war?
On March 18, 1962, France and the leaders of the Front de Liberation Nationale (FLN) sign a peace agreement to end the seven-year Algerian War, signaling the end of 130 years of colonial French rule in Algeria.