What is cretinism in simple words?
Cretinism: Congenital hypothyroidism (underactivity of the thyroid gland at birth), which results in growth retardation, developmental delay, and other abnormal features. Cretinism can be due to deficiency of iodine in the mother’s diet during pregnancy.
What is the diagnosis of cretinism?
Congenital hypothyroidism, previously known as cretinism, is a severe deficiency of thyroid hormone in newborns. It causes impaired neurological function, stunted growth, and physical deformities.
What are the two types of cretinism?
Cretinism may be of two types: Neurological or myxedematatos. The three characteristic features of neurological endemic cretinism in its fully developed form are extremely severe mental deficiency together with squint, deaf mutism, and motor spasticity.
What causes congenital iodine deficiency syndrome?
Congenital iodine deficiency syndrome (formerly known as cretinism) is a medical condition present at birth marked by impaired physical and mental development, due to insufficient thyroid hormone (hypothyroidism) often caused by insufficient dietary iodine during pregnancy.
How can cretinism be prevented?
About one billion people worldwide risk the consequences of iodine deficiency, all of which can be prevented by adequate maternal and infant iodine nutrition. Iodized salt is usually the preferred prophylactic vehicle, but iodized vegetable oil, iodized water, and iodine tablets are also occasionally used.
Why does cretinism happen?
Cretinism is a condition of severe physical and mental retardation due to iodine deficiency, and specifically due to deficiency of thyroid hormones during early pregnancy.
Where is cretinism found?
A congenital condition caused by a deficiency of thyroid hormone during prenatal development and characterized in childhood by dwarfed stature and mental retardation. A noncancerous enlargement of the thyroid gland, visible as a swelling at the front of the neck, that is often associated with iodine deficiency.
Which causes cretinism?
Cretinism refers to severe hypothyroidism in an infant or child. This is classically the result of maternal iodine deficiency, and thankfully is increasingly rare.
Who is at risk of cretinism?
Common risk factors in the development of cretinism include post-date delivery, macrosomia, mothers with anemia or goiter, and smoking parents. Other risk factors include cesarian section delivery and jaundice at the birth.
What is cretinism caused by?
What hormone causes cretinism?
What is cretinism, and what causes it?
Cretinism, also known as congenital hypothyroidism, is a condition caused by a deficiency of thyroid hormones while a fetus is developing in the womb or shortly after birth.
What is another word for cretinism?
What is another word for cretinism? Congenital Hypothyroidism , previously known as cretinism, is a severe deficiency of thyroid hormone in newborns. It causes impaired neurological function, stunted growth, and physical deformities.
What does Cretian mean?
The definition of a cretin is a very stupid person, or a person suffering from the disease cretinism, which causes mental problems and deformity. An example of a cretin is a person who constantly makes stupid and horrible mistakes.
Can cretinism be reversed?
Treatment of Cretinism. Cretinism is treatable however it is vitally important that the condition is caught at the very early stages of the child’s birth. If this condition is caught early then the effects that have taken place can be reversed.