What is Windows Server 2012 WDS?
Applies To: Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows Server 2012. Windows Deployment Services (WDS) enables you to deploy Windows operating systems over the network, which means that you do not have to install each operating system directly from a CD or DVD.
What are the benefits of WDS?
Benefits of WDS
- Saves system administrator time in deploying the operating system.
- Reduces complexity and cost.
- Transmits the data using multicast functionality which reduces network congestion.
- Allows you to create a reference image of a computer using its Image Capture wizard.
How do WDS works?
To import an image into WDS, perform the following steps: Open the Windows Deployment Services console. Click Install Images. From the Action menu, click Add Install Image….WDS uses four image types: boot image, install image, discover image, and capture image.
- Boot Image.
- Install Image.
- Discover Image.
- Capture Image.
How do I open the Windows Deployment Services console?
Choose Start | Administrative Tools | Windows Deployment Services to open the Windows Deployment Services Management console. Expand Windows Deployment Services under Console Root. Right-click the server name and select Configure Server from the context menu.
Does WDS require DHCP?
Scenario 1: WDS and DHCP are running on different servers but on the same subnet so broadcasts are not a problem: As long as the client deploying an image from the WDS server and the WDS server are on the same subnet and different servers, everything works fine with no DHCP options configured.
How do I add a WDS role?
In order to install WDS you can perform the following steps:
- In Server Manager, click Manage.
- Click Add roles and features.
- Select Role-based or feature-based installation and choose the server to deploy WDS.
- On the Select server roles page select the Windows Deployment Services check box.
Why would you use multicasting for WDS?
Multicast makes it possible to utilize the network better when deploying multiple clients because the server is sending one stream of data, which is then received by all clients. Instead of each client downloading one stream of data each.
What is needed for WDS?
Considerations when you have WDS and DHCP on the same server You need a functioning DHCP server with an active scope. WDS uses PXE, which requires a DHCP server. A DNS server is required to run WDS. If DHCP authorization is required on the server, you need DHCP client port 68 to be open on the server.
Does PXE need DHCP?
PXE Boot Basics. Booting from the network using the PXE protocol involves a simple series of DHCP packets. There are three parties involved: the DHCP server, the PXE server, and the client.
What is option 82?
Option 82 is called the relay agent information option and is inserted by the DHCP relay agent when forwarding client-originated DHCP packets to a DHCP server. The routing switch can operate as a DHCP relay agent to enable communication between a client and a DHCP server on a different subnet.