Who was buried at the mausoleum of Halicarnassus?
Mausoleum of Halicarnassus, Halicarnassus also spelled Halikarnassos, one of the Seven Wonders of the World. The monument was the tomb of Mausolus, ruler of Caria, in southwestern Asia Minor. It was built in his capital city, Halicarnassus, between about 353 and 351 bce by his sister and widow, Artemisia II.
What happened to the body of Mausolus?
In 353 BC, Mausolus died, leaving Artemisia to rule alone. As a form of sacrifice ritual the bodies of a large number of dead animals were placed on the stairs leading to the tomb, and then the stairs were filled with stones and rubble, sealing the access.
What destroyed the mausoleum in the 13th century?
It was destroyed by an earthquake in the 13th century AD, and then plundered by the Knights of St. John. It was excavated in 1856 AD where they found many valuable sculptures.
Why is the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus considered a wonder?
The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus was a large and ornate mausoleum built both to honor and hold the remains of Mausolus of Caria. The Mausoleum, considered one of the Seven Ancient Wonders of the World, retained its grandeur for nearly 1,800 years until earthquakes in the 15th century destroyed part of the structure.
How much is a crypt in a mausoleum?
In the United States, the average cost of entombment in a single crypt, or burial space, in a public indoor mausoleum is between $7,000 and $8,000, which is similar to the average cost of a burial plot and grave marker.
When was the tomb of Mausolus at Halicarnassus built?
Mausoleum at Halicarnassus. The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus or Tomb of Mausolus ( Ancient Greek: Μαυσωλεῖον τῆς Ἁλικαρνασσοῦ; Turkish: Halikarnas Mozolesi) was a tomb built between 353 and 350 BC at Halicarnassus (present Bodrum, Turkey) for Mausolus, a satrap in the Persian Empire, and his sister-wife Artemisia II of Caria.
Who was the king of Halicarnassus built for?
English: The Mausoleum of Maussollos, or Mausoleum of Halicarnassus was a tomb built between 353–350 BC at Halicarnassus (present Bodrum, Turkey), for Mausolus (in Greek, Μαύσωλος), a provincial king in the Persian Empire, and Artemisia II of Caria, his wife and sister.
When was the mausoleum of Mausolus in Bodrum built?
The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus or Tomb of Mausolus (Ancient Greek: Μαυσωλεῖον τῆς Ἁλικαρνασσοῦ; Turkish: Halikarnas Mozolesi) was a tomb built between 353 and 350 BC in Halicarnassus (present Bodrum, Turkey) for Mausolus, a native Anatolian from Caria and a satrap in the Achaemenid Empire, and his sister-wife Artemisia II of Caria.
Where was Halicarnassus located on the Greek coast?
Mausolus, although descended from local people, spoke Greek and admired the Greek way of life and government. He founded many cities of Greek design along the coast and encouraged Greek democratic traditions. Halicarnassus was the capitol of Caria located in present day Bodrum, Turkey.