How common is encephalitis in babies?
Encephalitis (in-seh-fuh-LYE-tus) is a rare disease. Most cases happen in children, the elderly, and people with a weakened immune system (from HIV/AIDS, cancer, etc.).
Is encephalitis always fatal?
In some cases, encephalitis can be life-threatening. Timely diagnosis and treatment are important because it’s difficult to predict how encephalitis will affect each individual.
Why do babies get encephalitis?
Key points about encephalitis in children Experts think that viruses are the main cause. It can also happen after a bacterial infection. Or it may happen after an infection caused by parasites, such as toxoplasmosis. Symptoms can include fever, headache, sleepiness, and changes in behavior.
Are babies born with encephalitis?
Neonatal encephalopathy is estimated to occur in about two to nine of 1000 live births (2), and can be caused by numerous factors. These include the following (3): Birth asphyxia or hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) Meningoencephalitis (encephalitis with meningitis)
How does a baby get encephalitis?
Encephalitis may happen after a viral illness. This may be an upper respiratory infection, or an illness that causes diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting. Encephalitis can also happen after a bacterial infection such as Lyme disease, tuberculosis, or syphilis.
Can a child recover from encephalitis?
Most children recover fully. But in some cases, children may have ongoing nervous system problems. These may include trouble with learning, thinking, speech, or movement. Your child may need regular follow-up with the healthcare provider.
How do you fix encephalitis?
Intravenous fluids to ensure proper hydration and levels of essential minerals. Anti-inflammatory drugs, such as corticosteroids, to reduce swelling and pressure within the skull. Anticonvulsant medications, such as phenytoin (Dilantin), to stop or prevent seizures.
Why are babies born with encephalitis?
The most frequent cause of NE is lack of oxygen to the baby at some point during pregnancy or birth. When oxygen deprivation causes NE, the condition may be referred to as hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). Lack of oxygen causes damage to the brain, but it can also affect other internal organs.
How does encephalitis feel?
Symptoms of encephalitis vary depending on the affected area of the brain, but often include headache, sensitivity to light, stiff neck, mental confusion and seizures. It’s important to see a doctor promptly if you are experiencing symptoms, which may not seem troubling at the time.