How do you describe the art in the Philippines during the Spanish era?
When the Spaniards arrived in the Philippines in 1521, the colonizers used art as a tool to propagate the Catholic faith through beautiful images. They replaced the arts that were once done in a communal spirit and community setting for rituals. The church, particularly the friars, became the new patron of the arts.
What are the art forms during Spanish period?
- Early Renaissance.
- Renaissance and Mannerism.
- Golden Age.
- Later Baroque.
- 18th century.
What is the greatest contribution of Spanish era to the Philippines arts?
The ilustrados became the new patron of the arts. These events paved the way for the secularization of art in the 19th century. The Spanish friars introduced Western painting in the Philippines to artisans who learned to copy on two-dimensional form from the religious icons that the friars brought from Spain,.
Who are the Filipino Ilustrados?
The most prominent Ilustrados were Graciano López Jaena, Marcelo H. del Pilar, Mariano Ponce, Antonio Luna and José Rizal, the Philippine national hero.
Who are the 3 Ilustrados?
Three prominent Ilustrados in Spain: Dr. José Rizal, Marcelo H. del Pilar and Mariano Ponce (from left to right).
Who are the Filipino propagandists?
- José Alejandrino.
- Anastacio Carpio.
- Graciano López Jaena, publisher of La Solidaridad.
- Marcelo H.
- Eduardo de Lete.
- Antonio Novicio Luna – wrote for La Solidaridad under the name “Taga-Ilog”
- Juan Novicio Luna – painter and sculptor.
- Miguel Moran.
What are the different types of Arts in the Philippines?
Visual arts – including, but not limited to painting, non-folk sculpture, printmaking, photography, installation art, mixed media works, illustration, graphic arts, performance art, and imaging Literature – including, but not limited to, poetry, fiction, essay, and literary/art criticism
What was the first form of Art in the Philippines?
Culture and traditions were passed on during community gathering through stories, songs, chants, music, and dance. Rituals are considered the earliest form of theater where it involves music, dance and even literature.
Which is the official cultural agency of the Philippines?
The National Commission for Culture and the Arts, the official cultural agency of the government of the Philippines, has categorized Filipino arts into traditional and non-traditional. Each category are split into various arts, which in turn have sub-categories of their own.
How did the Spanish influence the Philippine culture?
Although some indigenous art forms survived, new forms and influences from Europe and America gradually became the dominant culture. When Spanish missionaries embarked on their campaign to Christianize the Filipinos, they harnessed the visual arts to great effect.